Phasor Measurement Sensor-Based Angular Stability Retention System for Smart Power Grids With High Penetration of Microgrids

Phasor Measurement Sensor-Based Angular Stability Retention System for Smart Power Grids With High Penetration of Microgrids

Phasor Measurement Sensor-Based Angular Stability Retention System for Smart Power Grids With High Penetration of Microgrids

 

Abstract—

Emerging phasor measurement sensor (PMS) technology is revolutionizing conventional power grids to smart power grids (SPGs). This also paves the way for deregulations in
energy market and wide area infusion of distributed energy-based systems like microgrids (MGs). Advanced energy management of MGs for better consumer gratification may pose severe threat to angular stability of SPGs. This paper outlines the angular stability issues that may emerge in SPGs due to high penetration of MGs. PMS-powered stability monitoring and MG operationalbased stability retention technique are proposed for retaining the angular stability. Real-time frequency domain analysis of phase angle oscillations measured from PMS across the grid is the backbone of the proposed stability monitoring technique. Wide area optimized control of MGs with the aid of topological genetic
algorithm is proposed for restraining the stability. Case studies conducted on standard bus systems portray the impact of high penetration of MGs on angular stability and the effectiveness of proposed techniques in monitoring and retaining the stability

 

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